A reference also known as a citation - is an exact note of the source of a piece of information that you have referred to either directly or indirectly in your text. A typical reference or citation would include the following elements:
Online sources also need to include the URL and the date accessed
References need to be cited in two places –
A bibliography is a list of all the sources you have consulted but not necessarily referred to in your work.
There are many different referencing styles.
The most commonly used ones are: Harvard, APA, MHRA, Vancouver, Chicago.
For full guidance on how to reference your work, however, you should refer to the referencing guidelines and examples recommended for your course in your Student Handbook as different schools use different referencing styles.
Plagiarism is passing off someone else's ideas or words as your own and is a serious offence in the academic world, even if done unintentionally.
Avoid being accused of plagiarism by making sure you reference everything you use that is not your own - whether words, images, photographs, music, maps, webpages, research or surveys on the web, letters and emails, etc.
Cite Them Right is a comprehensive online guide on how to reference. It includes simplified advice on how to cite a huge range of materials from ancient texts to Twitter, and guidance on plagiarism and how to avoid it!
Examples are given in Harvard, APA, MHRA, MLA, OSCOLA, Chicago and Vancouver referencing styles
Remember that your school will provide you with a referencing guide. You must check that your bibliography and citations match your school's guide. If you are using this resource you may need to edit your references accordingly.Access Cite them Right »
Zoterobib is a quick and easy way to create a reference list. It is free and requires no account creation. It contains over 9,000+ referencing styles including Harvard Cite them Right and Vancouver.
Remember that your school will provide you with a referencing guide. If you are using Zoterobib or any other referencing software you must check that your bibliography and citations match your school's guide. You may need to edit your references accordingly.Access Zoterobib »