Grey Literature is written work, which is not commercially published or publicly available.
This includes a wide range of material such as: government publications; reports; statistical publications; conference proceedings and policy documents as well as newsletters; fact sheets and working papers. It also includes theses which you can find more information on in our dissertation guide. Link to dissertation guide.
Using some of the advanced search features in Google can help to make your searching more efficient. It can also help you judge the quality of a source. Using Google Advanced Search you can search in specific web domains (eg ac.uk) and only get results back from pages which have that specific domain. The following list are some of the more common domain names to search.
UK academic websites such as universities and colleges
UK based commercial and general websites
Government websites such as Department for education or local government websites.
UK organisations. Often charities and non-profit organisations may have this.
Webpages from NHS trusts
UK schools may have this domain.
You can also narrow by file type which can be useful if you want to look for documents in a particular format.
PowerPoint. Useful if you want to find a presentation.
Microsoft Excel. Useful if you want to find statistical information
Adobe PDF. Many academic articles and reports are in this format.
Google Scholar provides a simple way to broadly search for scholarly literature. From one place, you can search across many disciplines and sources: articles, theses, books, abstracts and court opinions, from academic publishers, professional societies, online repositories, universities and other web sites.
The short video introduces you to Google Scholar. For more guidance on how to search using Google Scholar visit the LinkedIn Learning tutorial: https://www.linkedin.com/learning/google-apps-for-students